The raspberry is the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus. The name also applies to these plants themselves. Raspberries are perennial with woody stems. World production of raspberries in 2019 was 822, 493 tonnes, led by Russia with approximately 21% of the total. Description What distinguishes the raspberry from its blackberry relatives is whether or not the torus (receptacle or stem) 'picks with' (i. e., stays with) the fruit. When picking a blackberry fruit, the torus stays with the fruit. With a raspberry, the torus remains on the plant, leaving a hollow core in the raspberry fruit. Etymology Raspberry derives its name from raspise, 'a sweet rose-colored wine' (mid-15th century), from the Anglo-Latin vinum raspeys, or from raspoie, meaning 'thicket', of Germanic origin. The name may have been influenced by its appearance as having a rough surface, related to Old English rasp or 'rough berry'. Species Examples of raspberry species in Rubus subgenus Idaeobatus include:Rubus crataegifolius (Asian raspberry)Rubus gunnianus (Tasmanian alpine raspberry)Rubus idaeus (red raspberry or European red raspberry)Rubus leucodermis (whitebark raspberry or western raspberry, blue raspberry, black raspberry)Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)Rubus parvifolius (Australian native raspberry)Rubus phoenicolasius (wine raspberry or wineberry)Rubus rosifolius (Mauritius raspberry)Rubus strigosus (American red raspberry) (syn.
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