An apricot (US: (listen), UK: (listen)) is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus. Usually, an apricot is from the species P. armeniaca, but the fruits of the other species in Prunus sect. Armeniaca are also called apricots. Etymology Apricot first appeared in English in the 16th century as abrecock from the Middle French aubercot or later abricot, from Spanish albaricoque and Catalan a(l)bercoc, in turn from Arabic (al-barqq, 'the plums'), from Byzantine Greek (berikokk, 'apricot tree'), derived from late Greek (praikkion, 'apricot') from Latin [persica ('peach')] praecocia (praecoquus, 'early ripening'). Species Apricots are species belonging to Prunus sect. Armeniaca. The taxonomic position of P. brigantina is disputed. It is grouped with plum species according to chloroplast DNA sequences, but more closely related to apricot species according to nuclear DNA sequences. Prunus armeniaca common apricot, widely cultivated for its edible fruit and kernelPrunus brigantina Brianon apricot, native to Europe, cultivated for its edible fruit and oil-producing kernelPrunus cathayana - native to HebeiPrunus dasycarpa purple apricot, cultivated in Central Asia and adjacent areas for its edible fruitPrunus hongpingensis Hongping apricot, native to Shennongjia, cultivated for its edible fruitPrunus hypotrichodes native to ChongqingPrunus limeixing cultivated in northern China for its edible fruitPrunus mandshurica Manchurian apricot, native to Northeast Asia, cultivated for its kernel, the fruits of some cultivars ediblePrunus mume Japanese apricot, native to southern China, widely cultivated for its beautiful blossom and edible fruitPrunus sibirica Siberian apricot, native to Siberia, Mongolia, northern China, and Korea, cultivated for its kernelPrunus zhengheensis Zhenghe apricot, native to Fujian Description The fruit is a drupe (stonefruit) similar to a small peach, 1. 52. 5 cm (0. 61. 0 in) diameter (larger in some modern cultivars), from yellow to orange, often tinged red on the side most exposed to the sun, its surface can be smooth (botanically described as: glabrous) or velvety with very short hairs (botanically: pubescent). The flesh is usually succulent, but dry in some species such as P. sibirica.
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